Peace Education

pamela-chrabieh-women-rights-middle-east
Dr. Pamela Chrabieh and MEST 353 Women and Gender in the Middle East students (American University in Dubai – UAE, February 2018)

I have been developing my Peace Education approach since 2004. Here are examples of class activities, publications and conferences:

‘Women who Inspire Us’. A Celebration of International Women’s Day at AUD, 26-02-2017. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1545/current_upcoming/women-who-inspire-us

The Women’s Museum in Dubai Celebrating the lives and achievements of Women in the UAE, 04-02-2017. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1534/current_upcoming//the-womens-museum-in-dubai#sthash.TcSw5K7p.dpuf

Food is not Just Food, 06-11-2016. http://aud.edu/arts_and_sciences/en/page/4507/food-is-not-just-food-dr.-pamela-chrabieh

Voices of Peace from Dubai to Odense Dr. Pamela Chrabieh presents at Nordic Society for Middle Eastern Studies conference, 22-09-2016. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1360/archive/#sthash.v0DVxwRz.dpuf

Encounters with the UAE Cultural Heritage, 16-06-2016. http://aud.edu/arts_and_sciences/en/page/4386/encounters-with-the-uae-cultural-heritage-dr.-pamela-chrabieh

Discovering the Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization A field trip part of Middle Eastern Studies, 09-04-2016. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1250/archive/#sthash.NBqtECJe.dpuf

MEST Forum – Peace through Arts Cultural Event and Art Exhibition, 11-04-2016. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1172/archive/#sthash.a89Go7Ng.dpuf

An Interreligious Tour in Abu Dhabi Field trip with MEST 350 Religions of the Middle East students, 26-03-2016. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1188/archive/#sthash.2tP99rBC.dpuf

Collaborative Learning in a University Classroom Dr. Pamela Chrabieh shares her methods used in her series of workshops and class activities, 15-02-2016. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1123/archive/#sthash.EmrkBlLT.dpuf

Collaborative Learning in a University Classroom, 15-02-2016. http://www.aud.edu/arts_and_sciences/en/page/4272/collaborative-learning-in-a-university-classroom-dr.-pamela-chrabieh

‘Voices of Peace through Arts in the United Arab Emirates: Middle Eastern Studies Students’ perceptions of Islam’, 10th Nordic Society for Middle Eastern Studies Conference, University of Southern Denmark, Odense-Denmark, 24-09-2016.

التربية من أجل السلام في لبنان: دراسة المسألة في الإطار الجامعي

المشرق، الجامعة اليسوعية في بيروت، ألسنة التسعون، الجزء الأول، قانون الثاني -حزيران٢٠١٦، ص. ١٠٩-١٣٦

‘Peace Education in Lebanon: Case Study in the University Context’, the 7th Asian Conference on Education, Art Center of Kobe, Kobe-Japan, 21-25/10/2015 (Virtual Academic Conference). http://iafor.org/conferences/ace2015/

‘Peace Education in Lebanon. A Case Study in the University Context’, Official Conference Proceedings of The Asian Conference on Education 2015, Kobe, January 2016, p.135-144. http://iafor.org/arch…/proceedings/…/ACE2015_proceedings.pdf

‘Peace Education in Lebanon – My pedagogical approach’, International Journal of Arts and Sciences Conference Series, American University of Rome, Italy, 20-10-2015.

‘Peace Education in Lebanon. A Case Study in the University Context’, International Journal of Arts and Sciences, Volume 8, Number 7, 2015, p.201- 213.
http://universitypublications.net/ijas/0807/pdf/R5ME111.pdf

Peace Art in Dubai Online exhibition of artwork for Peace by MEST 329 – Islamic Art and Architecture AUD students, 13-12-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1048/archive/#sthash.pE7Jc7CZ.dpuf

Innovation Week: The Diplomacy of the Dish – Culinary Festival A registered activity during Innovation Week, 23-11-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1007/archive/#sthash.KnPMDatY.dpuf

Who Said Museum Visits Were Dull? AUD Professor talks inquiry-based learning, 03-10-2015.  http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/966/archive/#sthash.itae1SOO.dpuf

Exploring Islamic Art and Architecture From the Dome of the Rock to Futuristic Mosque Designs, 06-10-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/949/archive/#sthash.5xObMhIt.dpuf

AUD Professor presents at Education conference in Japan the 7th Asian Conference on Education: “Education, Power and Empowerment: Transcending Boundaries”, 21-10-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/970/archive/#sthash.i7yo1yIo.dpuf

Peace Education, from Lebanon to Italy Dr. Pamela Chrabieh participates in the Int’l Journal of Arts & Sciences Conference Series in Rome, 22-10-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/978/archive/#sthash.tZJbqwBC.dpuf

A Journey to the Past of Dubai Field trip to Al Bastakiya, the Dubai Museum and Al Fahidi Historical Neighborhood, 31-10-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/988/archive/#sthash.VOoMqXsD.dpuf

Being a Professor, 20-09-2015. http://www.aud.edu/arts_and_sciences/en/page/4120/being-a-professor-dr.-pamela-chrabieh

AUD students participate in Collage Workshop at FN Designs Using Art to deconstruct social norms and stereotypes, 01-06-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/883/archive/#sthash.0lm2lvlM.dpuf

Discovering the Cultural Heritage of Al-Fahidi Historical Neighborhood, 20-05-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/875/archive/#sthash.ooy1UmvC.dpuf

A visit to the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi, 14-02-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/776/archive/#sthash.VAdbpxvW.dpuf

A visit to the Islamic Civilization Museum in Sharjah Broadening the minds of students through visual experiences, 21-02-2015. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/791/archive/#sthash.hoKLixUK.dpuf

Women and Gender in the Middle East AUD students explore the relation and heritage 25-01-2015.  http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/750/archive/#sthash.rvHRcElY.dpuf

MEST Forum: Peace Education talk, 25-11-2014. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/671/archive/#sthash.MmigSMeI.dpuf

Cultural Workshops at AUD: ‘Learning through food’, 16-11-2014. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/709/archive/#sthash.Cbj0QxM7.dpuf

A trip into Islamic History AUD Students visit Sharjah’s Museums of Islamic Civilization and Fine Arts, 15-11-2014. http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/712/archive/#sthash.A2uZYnRt.dpuf

Deconstructing Stereotypes, Alternative Youth Narratives about the Middle East, 13-11-2014.
http://www.aud.edu/news_events/en/view/687/archive/

Peace Education, 03-11-2014. http://www.aud.edu/arts_and_sciences/en/page/3610/peace-education-dr.-pamela-chrabieh

‘Peace Education in Lebanon: Case Study in the University Context’, Middle Eastern Studies Forum, School of Arts and Sciences, American University in Dubai, 25-11-2014.

‘Lebanese University Students’ visions of War and Peace’, Diyar Consortium ‘Religion and State’ Conference, Istanbul-Sheraton, Turkey, 12-06-2014.

‘Inter-Human Pedagogy in the Lebanese University Context’, Identity and Conflict in the Middle East and its Diasporic Cultures Conference, University of Balamand, Lebanon, 21-03-2014.

‘Youth, Peacebuilding and Inter-Human Pedagogy’, 11th UKFIET International Conference on Education and Development, University of Oxford, Examination Schools, United Kingdom, 14-09-2011.

‘La diversité et sa gestion. Visions de jeunes du secondaire’, Colloque ‘La gestion de la diversité religieuse (Liban-Québec)’, Institut d’études islamo-chrétiennes (Faculté des Sciences religieuses de l’Université Saint-Joseph de Beyrouth) et Chaire Islam, Pluralisme et Globalisation (Faculté de théologie et de sciences des religions, Université de Montréal), USJ-Beyrouth, 11-10-2008.


pamela-chrabieh-el-machreq-online-peace-education

الدكتورة باميلا شرابيه

ولدتُ ونشأتُ وقتَ الحرب في لبنان، وقد ساهمت هذه التجربة في تكوين هويّتي، كما هي الحال مع معظم المواطنين اللبنانيّين. ولولا حبّ أهلي وانفتاحهم على الآخر، وخبراتي ودراساتي في الحوار الدينيّ والثقافيّ والإنسانيّ، لكنت من عداد الذين يعيشون في غيتوهات الهويّات المتصارعة – كما وصفها الروائيّ أمين معلوف[1] -، ويؤمنون في الصفحة البيضاء ومنافع فقدان الذاكرة الفرديّة والجماعيّة. قد تعلّمت بناء السلام من خلال فعل السلام وهذا الفعل في الأوساط الرسميّة وغير الرسميّة دفعني إلى إنتاج معرفة عن السلام ومنهج تعليميّ في السياق الجامعيّ.

وفقًا لإيان م. هاريس، تشير التربية على السلام “إلى المعلّمين الذين يدرسون السلام: ما هو عليه، لماذا لا وجود له، وكيفيّة تحقيقه. ويشمل ذلك تدريس تحدّيات تحقيق السلام، وتطوير المهارات  اللاعنفيّة، وتعزيز المواقف السلميّة. إنّ للتربية على السلام أربعة مبادئ رئيسيّة: 1) أنّها تفسّر جذور العنف؛ 2) تعلّم بدائل للعنف؛ 3) السلام نفسه هو عمليّة تختلف وفقًا للسياق. 4) الصراع في كلّ مكان”[2]. في مقال آخر، يشرح هاريس وجهة نظره من خلال القول بأنّ التربية على السلام “تستمدّ من فطرة الإنسان للعيش بسلام مع الآخرين، وتؤكّد القيم السلميّة التي يجب أن يقوم عليها المجتمع، وتمكّن المعلّمين من استخدام مهاراتهم المهنيّة لتعليم طلّابهم على السلام”[3].

وقد أعرّف التربية على السلام بالآتي: تتكوّن هذه التربية من مقاربات تربويّة ضمن منهاج يعتمد في المدارس والجامعات ومبادرات من قبل أفراد وجماعات غير معنيّين في النظام التعليم الرسميّ الخاصّ والعامّ. وتهدف هذه التربية إلى صقل معرفة ثقافة السلام وممارساتها. لا يستطيع المدرّسون فعل الكثير في الصفّ لأجل تخفيف أسباب الحرب الاقتصاديّة والسياسيّة، ولكن يمكنهم أن يساهموا في ضبط العوامل النفسيّة التي تدعم العنف، وفي تفكيك الأحكام المسبقة، وفي تفعيل الحوار وتعزيز الاحترام المتبادل وبناء الجسور بين الفوارق. تولد الحروبُ في العقل البشريّ ومن هنا أهميّة التربية على السلام التي تؤدّي دوراً في تغيير العقليّة، كما جاء في الميثاق التأسيسيّ لليونسكو:”لمّا كانت الحروب تتولّد في عقول البشر، ففي عقولهم يجب أن تُبنى حصون السلام”.[4]

إنّ التربية على السلام في لبنان مدعومة من قبل منظّمات غير حكوميّة، كما من قبل بعضهم في القطاع الفنيّ والثقافيّ، ولبنانيّين في المهجر. وثمّة بعض المبادرات في المدارس مثل نشاطات فنيّة ومخيّمات صيفيّة. وتعتبر التربية على السلام ظاهرة نادرة في الإطار الجامعيّ. هناك استثناءات بحيث يتمّ ربط التربية على السلام بالحوار بين الأديان كما في جامعة القدّيس يوسف. ويتّفق جميع الأفرقاء على ضرورة تعميم ثقافة السلام، خاصّةً في وضع يغيب عنه أيّ مشروع وطنيّ لبناء ذاكرة حرب مشتركة ونشر كتاب تاريخ لبنان موحّد يعتمد في المدارس وكسر حلقة الحرب وبناء سلام مستدام.

وقد بيّنت نتائج أبحاثي في الأوساط الجامعيّة والمدرسيّة في لبنان (٢٠٠٤-٢٠١٤) أنّ الأجيال الصاعدة تحتاج إلى اهتمام خاصّ بصفتها الأجيال التي ترث تجربة العنف وتحوّلها إلى معرفة تاريخيّة مطلقة – وهنا يكمن خطر توظيف التاريخ، هذا الأمر الذي حذر منه المؤرّخ بينجامين ستورا في كتابه عن الاستعمار الفرنسيّ في الجزائر. ففي نظر ستورا، تستعمل أفكار من الماضي من دون إعادة النظر فيها ويتحكّم سياسيّون فيها ويبقون مخيال المجتمع مُرتبطًا بها، ويحافظون إذاً على نمط واحد من هذا المخيال[5]. من هنا يمكن الماضي أن يجمد وسلسلة الانتقام أن تخلّد ضمن أسطورة راسخة. إنّ التربية على السلام تساعد على أن يستوعب الماضي في تعقّده التاريخيّ وعلى توسيع فسحات العيش المشترك وإكثارها.

قد كوّنتُ منهجًا تربويًّا يُعنى بالسلام في كندا ولبنان والإمارات. وقد فعّلت نظريّة بناء السلام من خلال نشاطات مختلفة مثل ورش عمل لحلّ النزاعات، ورحلات ميدانيّة ومشاريع إعلاميّة رقميّة وأعمال فنيّة عن الحرب والسلام ولقاءات حواريّة إلخ. – نشاطات تساهم في عمليّة اختبار الغير المألوف والاحترام المتبادل وإدارة التنوّع[6]. وقد عبّر الكثير من الطلّاب عن اكتسابهم معرفة بديلة في جوّ مؤاتٍ للحوار، ساعدهم على تطوير فكرهم النقديّ واكتساب مهارات الحوار مثل الاستماع النشط وشجّعهم على التعاون. وأكّد طلّاب في لبنان أهميّةَ قبول الآخر والعمل بوجهٍ متضافر للوصول إلى وجهات نظر متقاربة، وقد أصبح أكثر من ١٥٪ من هؤلاء نشطاء من أجل السلام.

من الطبيعيّ أن تتطوّر هذه التربية مع الخبرات المتراكمة وتتنوّع تطبيقاتها بحسب السياق. فالتربية على السلام في كندا تختلف عن التربية في لبنان وأيضاً عن التربية في الإمارات. في الحقيقة، هناك بعض التحدّيات والصعوبات المشتركة لدى المهتمّين بهذا المجال. من هذه التحدّيات: أوّلاً الربط بين المحلّية والعالميّة في تكوين هويّات الطلّاب، وثانياً، أخذ مبادرات وروايات الطلّاب الفرديّة بعين الاعتبار. أمّا عن الصعوبات فتكمن في عدّة قضايا أساسيّة، منها: العقبات السياسيّة والاقتصاديّة؛ والاعتقاد السائد في المجتمع اللبنانيّ أنّ الحرب وسيلة مشروعة من أجل تحقيق مصلحة الوطن والجماعات والأحزاب وحمايتها؛ ومعرفة قليلة بالخيارات والبدائل المتعدّدة لحالة العنف؛  واعتبار السلام حالة مثاليّة، غير واقعيّة؛ والتربية على السلام شأنًا معزولًا وليس خيرًا عامًّا.

* أستاذة علوم الشرق الأوسط في الجامعة الأميركية في دبي؛ باحثة، كاتبة، فنّانة وناشطة اجتماعيّة.

[1] Amin Maalouf, Les identités meurtrières, Grasset, 1998.

[2] Ian M. Harris, “Peace Education Theory”, Journal of Peace Education, Volume 1, Number 1, 2004, p. 6

[3] Ian M. Harris, “Peace Education: Definition, Approaches and Future Directions”, in Peace Studies, Public Policy and Global Security, Volume II, edited by Ursula Oswald Spring, Ada Aharoni, Ralph V. Summy and Robert Charles Elliot, EOLSS Publications, 2010, p. 283.

[4] (in Arabic).  http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002269/226924a.pdf

[5] Benjamin Stora, Algeria, 1830-2000: A Short History, Cornell University Press, 2004.

[6] For more information about my Peace Education approach and activities:https://pamelachrabiehblog.com/my-pedagogy-peace-education/

SOURCE: EL MACHREQ ONLINE – ST JOSEF UNIVERSITY, BEIRUT-LEBANON, December 2017:
http://www.darelmachreq.com/ar/desc-almachreq-cat/284

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AUD School of Arts and Sciences Associate Professor of Middle Eastern Studies Dr. Pamela Chrabieh attended the 10th Nordic Society for Middle Eastern Studies ‘Formation of Middle Eastern Subjectivities, Cultural Heritage, Global Structures and Local Practices’ conference at the University of Southern Denmark in Odense from September 21-24, 2016.

The Nordic Society is an independent and non-profit association for researchers in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway) working on the Middle East and covering subjects in the humanities and social sciences, from antiquity to the present day. The associational conference takes place every third year in one of the four Nordic countries.

In September 2016, the Centre for Contemporary Middle East Studies at the University of Southern Denmark hosted the conference in Odense. “In the past decades, the exploration of the formation of modern subjectivities has developed into a core field of the humanities and social sciences. This strand of research is asking for social practices and codes; it investigates competing bodies of knowledge, social performances and emotions; interprets textual and visual forms of discourse; analyzes the interrelations of social practices with material artifacts and means of communication; observes individual forms of subjectivity as well as the interaction in social fields and classes.”[1]

Dr. Chrabieh presented a paper on the Gulf panel entitled “Voices of Peace through Arts in the UAE: Middle Eastern Studies’ students perceptions of Islam. She introduced the audience to the preliminary results of her ongoing qualitative research at the crossroads of Peace Education, Sciences of Religions and Art History on perceptions of Islam as it relates to Peace by 160 university students enrolled in Middle Eastern Studies courses at the American University in Dubai. The results of this research were compared to those of a previous academic inquiry Dr. Chrabieh conducted from 2007 to 2014 in three Lebanese universities with 3000 students.

According to Dr. Chrabieh, Art has an important role to play in the pursuit of peace, and is an amazing way to channel a sense of collective urgency such as through the Peace Art in Dubai project she implemented at the American University in Dubai. “As a result of various activities – art workshops and events, online exhibition, outdoor agoras -, students have been able to create individual and shared spaces and expressions through various media and art techniques that helped them debunk stereotypes of Islam, better understand each other’s beliefs and practices, and become active agents of peace.”

The Peace Art in Dubai project is an application of Dr. Chrabieh’s Peace Education approach which aims to cultivate the knowledge and practices of a culture of peace. So far, her Peace Art in Dubai bloghttp://peaceartdubai.blogspot.ae/ features more than 160 artworks. She adds, “Students’ positive feedbacks at the end of every semester encouraged me to pursue this project, as well as the recent changes to the federal government ministries in the United Arab Emirates, including the establishment of a Ministry of Tolerance with a clear message calling citizens and expatriates to be agents of peace and to help the government in its task, first internally, and second, in exporting the model outside of the Emirati boundaries. Hopefully these new measures will contribute to call attention to the importance of peace education initiatives already taking place and open the door to the establishment and officialization of peace education programs in schools and universities.

[1] Conference Webpage: http://thenordicsociety.se/conference-2016-denmark/

SOURCE:

American University in Dubai NEWS: http://aud.edu/news_events/en/view/1360/current_upcoming/voices-of-peace-from-dubai-to-odense#sthash.Wb912hOI.dpuf


AUD School of Arts and Sciences Associate Professor of Middle Eastern Studies Dr. Pamela Chrabieh attended the 7thInternational Conference on Food Studies at Roma Tre University in Rome – Italy and presented a paper entitled ‘Learning through Food at the American University in Dubai: The Case of Middle Eastern Studies Students’ Experiences’.

According to Dr. Chrabieh: “This paper introduces its readers to the Peace Education approach I have been developing since 2004 in the academic sphere in Canada, Lebanon and the United Arab Emirates, as well as to one of its main applications in the classroom: the food component. These approach and component combine Anthropology of Food, Sciences of Religions, Cultural Studies and Irenology. The paper also presents the preliminary results of a qualitative research I have been conducting since 2014 at the American University in Dubai on the food learning experiences and food stories of more than 500 students enrolled in diverse Middle Eastern Studies courses. Students experience(d) conflict foods or foods as bridges across cultures and religions. They told/tell stories impregnated with gustatory nostalgia, whether relived or invented. They explain(ed) how food is an individual and collective identity marker. They also share(d) stories of migration, assimilation, pluralism, resistance and hybridity, while dealing with issues ranging from cultural appropriation to food security, as well as food diplomacy, intercultural dialogue and glocal (global-local) identity formation”.

Dr. Chrabieh concluded her paper with this statement: “It is far a given that food can bring about peace in this region and it is still early to evaluate the long-term impact of learning about cultures, religions and peace through food in the university context, but I can at least state that on a micro level, such as the classroom, and on an interpersonal level, food certainly contributes to deconstructing stereotypes and to bringing people together; therefore, food does prove to be a crucial instrument for a better diversity management and, as Sam Chapple-Sokol puts it, ‘it is a valuable addition to our toolbox as we confront conflicts both old and new’”.

The 7th International Conference on Food Studies was organized by the Food Studies Research Network that is curated by the Common Ground Research Networks. The Food Studies Research Network is brought together around an interest to explore new possibilities for sustainable food production and human nutrition, and associated impacts of food systems on culture.

Hosted by Gustolab International Institute for Food Studies and Roma Tre University , the conference’s scope and concerns were Food and Sustainability; Food, Nutrition and Health; and Food and Politics. Roma Tre University has always shown a tendency towards multidisciplinary research, and recently with a focus on sustainability through a new graduate degree in Innovation and Sustainability and a degree program in Gastronomic Sciences and Cultures. As for the Gustolab International Institute for Food Studies, it is a pioneering leader in Italy in developing study abroad and international education programs and research projects on Food Studies. It is the academic headquarters in this country for programs specialized on Food Culture, Communication, and Media and Nutrition for the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. This Institute has also worked with more than 30 universities on study abroad programs, from the USA to Canada, France and Japan.

Gustolab organized a pre-conference workshop on Studying, Teaching and Doing Research on Food Studies in Italy that Dr. Chrabieh attended. The objective of the workshop was to share and discuss opportunities for study and research in the food field with professors, students, researchers, and independent scholars who are interested in learning about study programs or doing research abroad. Attendees explored topics such as study abroad programs, culinary schools, master programs and internship programs. The material ranged from the social sciences to human, technological, biological, and agroecology sciences.

Dr. Chrabieh concludes with the following: “It is no surprise that the research interests of academics across a wide range of disciplines relate to food in some way. Food is at the center of our lives, cultures and religions, socio-political and legal systems, etc. Scholars in humanities for instance examine issues including the cultural significance and representation of food and food as an identity marker. Food Studies programs are now growing in popularity in North America and Europe. However, misconceptions are still found in our region i.e. Southwestern Asia and North Africa. For instance, the use of food in class is seen as a frivolous or not serious enough praxis. This is quite unfortunate. Food Studies is an important interdisciplinary field of study of food and of its relationship to the human experience that definitely needs to be promoted in local academic circles”.

Further information found on the Conference:
http://food-studies.com/2017-conference

SOURCE: AMERICAN UNIVERSITY IN DUBAI NEWS:

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